History

Ancient & Medieval

101 Ancient and Medieval Trivia Questions To See If You’re Worthy To Rule Your Empire

What exactly is a “garderobe” and where did it get its name? Rome wasn’t built in a day—so how long did it take? Can you name just five of the top 20 ancient Chinese inventions? What made global seafaring navigation possible? Which came first—wooly mammoths or the Great Pyramids at Giza? When did the first influenza outbreak occur and where? How often did people in the ancient world bathe? If you jumped at the chance to answer any of these, this quiz is the right one for you.

Do you enjoy dressing up for Renaissance fairs (slightly misnamed as they usually feature medieval European life)? Are the Greek philosophers your heroes? Maybe you’re a historian, a teacher of Latin or Greek, or maybe you’re just fascinated by the structure of ancient and medieval societies. If you want to test out your knowledge of some of the most colorful and scandalous societies in history, try our set of trivia questions and answers to see how you measure up. How much do you know about days gone by? Let’s find out!

If you consider yourself an aficionado of all things ancient and archaic, you’ll have no problem defeating our history trivia quiz. Why not continue your epic conquests with other historical topics, like Greek mythology, politics, and war? Or try your hand at our collection of the best trivia questions and answers.

Which ancient philosophers was famously executed?

Pythagoras

Thales

Democritus

Socrates

Which of these gods has a day of the week named after them?

Jupiter

Juno

Mars

Saturn

The armed combatants who battled to death in Roman times were known as what?

Elite Squad

Soliders

Marines

Gladiators

Emperor Go Dinago was a key figure in which period?

Muromachi

Kamakura

Todaji

Edo

The Battle of Hastings occurred in which country?

France

Ireland

Russia

England

What word was used in the Middle Ages to describe the attempt to change ordinary metal into gold?

Astrology

Allergy

Alchemy

Anatomy

What is the name of the film which is based on the ‘Battle of Thermopylae’?

300

100

500

700

Which ancient civilization did Hannibal rule?

Carthage

Babylon

Byzantium

Assyria

Dido was the founder and first queen of which civilization?

Carthage

Byzantium

Assyria

Babylon

In lieu of toilet paper, what did the ancient Romans use?

Sand

Sugar

A Wet Sponge

Salt

In which ancient civilization’s religion was Jupiter the king of the gods?

Roman

Carthaginian

Persian

Byzantine

What was the proper name for the Achaemenid Empire?

Egyptian

Carthaginian

Persian

Roman

The Golden Age of Athens started after the formation of which league?

Spartan League

Greek League

Peloponnesian League

Delian League

The story takes place in which of Middle-earth’s ages?

5th

1st

3rd

4th

Which Roman Emperor resided in the Villa Jovis on the Isle of Capri?

Nero

Caligula

Augustus

Tiberius

Which of these was a celebrated Greek warrior and later King of Macedon?

Alexander the Great

Genghis Khan

Montezuma

Sun Wu

Erasmus was from which country?

Italy

Holland

Turkey

Spain

In what years did the Black Death affect Europe?

1447 to 1451

1647 to 1651

1547 to 1551

1347 to 1351

Which of these women did Commodus order the execution of?

Domitia Lucilla

Faustina the Younger

Bruttia Crispina

Lucilla

Which civilization was Dido the founder and first queen of?

Ilipa

Carthage

Pydna

Zama

Which English city was called Aquae Sulis by the Romans?

Bath

Chester

Colchester

Bristol

During which age was Stonehenge built?

Stone Age

Iron Age

Bronze Age

Copper Age

According to legend, which pair of twins founded Rome in around 750BC?

Jedward

Romulus and Remus

Jerry and Terry Hall

Sam and Amanda Marchant

The Medici family were famously the patron of which artist?

Michelangelo

Leonardo

Raphael

Donatello

How was Ireland known by the ancient Romans?

Thracia

Gall

Hibernia

Lusitania

Which social system are the ancient Greeks often credited with inventing?

Democracy

Liberalism

Autocracy

Socialism

The famous theater in ancient Rome, Circus Maximus, had a capacity for how many people?

20000

5000

150000

500000

How many heads did the Greek mythological creature Cerberus have?

2

1

0

3

Which of these was NOT the name of an Emperor of ancient Rome?

Tiberius

Nero

Socrates

Augustus

The crane was invented by which ancient civilization?

Inca

Roman

Greece

Ottomans

What is the name of the small room considered to be the place where the Inca Empire came to an end?

Capture Room

Execution Room

Ransom Room

Stone Hut

Which disease is widely regarded to have claimed the lives of the majority of the Inca population?

Typhus

Smallpox

Malaria

Tuberculosis

Which new group of art patrons emerged during the Renaissance?

Merchants

Peasants

Kings

Explorers

When did slaves from Africa arrive in Brazil?

1550

1625

1610

1590

Catherine de Medici became Queen of which country during the Renaissance?

Italy

France

England

Spain

What did ancient Romans use in lieu of toilet paper?

A Wet Sponge

Palm Leaves

A Cloth

Cow Hide

The Shyris Civilisation thrived in which country?

Mexico

Ecuador

Honduras

Chile

Which Roman road ran from the Cotswold town of Bourton-on-the-Water?

Watling Street

Stane Street

Icknield Street

King Street

Which of these is a famous landmark and ancient Greek temple?

Parthenon

Olympia

Delos

Acropolis

What is the name of the temple dedicated to the goddess Athena?

Parthenon

Erechteion

Acropolis

Propylaea

How was the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus destroyed?

Arson

Volcanic Eruption

Earthquake

Decay

Which of these countries is home to many fine Roman ruins?

Canada

Libya

Iceland

Argentina

Hieroglyphs were used by which of these civilizations?

Persia

Rome

Egypt

Aztec

What is the name of Mother Earth in Greek Mythology?

Maea

Kaea

Saea

Gaea

Which of these ancient women was known in Roman times as a skilled orator?

Hortensia

Hephaestus

Cornelia Africana

Dionysus

Approximately how many soldiers made up a Roman legion?

1500

5000

100

500

In which modern-day country were arrowheads first made?

South Africa

Ethiopia

Angola

Ghana

Who ‘fiddled’ while Rome burned?

Caligula

Tiberius

Nero

Augustus

The Greek mythological creature known as the Minotaur, had the head of a what?

Bull

Dog

Horse

Cat

Who was the first ever Holy Roman Emperor?

Charlemagne

Henry VIII

Henry II

Ivan the Great

In which Italian city was Renaissance artist Raphael born?

Venice

Urbino

Florence

Milan

Which country’s name, issued by Christopher Columbus, literally means ‘Depth’?

Mexico

El Salvador

Honduras

Ecuador

In which modern-day country was the Cycladic civilization located?

United Kingdom

Brazil

Greece

Spain

Which ancient civilization invented banknotes?

Japan

Britain

Roman

China

Roman emperors characteristically wore crowns made of what?

Laurel Leaves

Ivory

Gold

Olive Branches

The Roman goddess of luck went by which name?

Juno

Fortuna

Hera

Sol

Claudius was succeeded by who as Roman emperor?

Tiberius

Augustus

Nero

Caligula

In ancient Greece, Hades was the fearsome god of what?

The Underworld

Youth

Wealth

Health

How many tasks did the Greek hero Heracles have to complete for King Eurystheus?

100

12

1

0

Which leader commissioned the Domesday Book?

Henry II

Charlemagne

William Wallace

William the Conqueror

Juggling was frowned upon in the Middle Ages, what were proponents of this art disdainfully called?

Gleemen

Ballies

Ballmen

Chuckers

What is the Roman numeral for 3?

X

III

IV

VII

Charlemagne was crowned on what day in 800 A.D.?

Christmas

New Years Day

Easter

New Years Eve

Which of these Greeks is famous for his theorem on right-handed triangles?

Aesop

Sophocles

Sappho

Pythagoras

In ancient Rome, what was Spartacus famous for?

Banker

Ruler

Philosopher

Slave

What is the name of the Spartan king who led the Greeks in the ‘Battle of Thermopylae’?

Themistocles

Dorieus

Leonidas

Garrincha

In the process of knighthood, what age did a squire become a full knight?

16

12

21

30

In the Middle Ages, what was a vassal?

Lower ranking noble

A boat

A pet

A weapon

What name was given to the tunics worn by people in Ancient Rome?

Pogas

Logas

Yogas

Togas

Who was the 3rd wife of Claudius renowned for her promiscuity?

Statilia Messalina

Poppaea Sabina

Valeria Messalina

Claudia Octavia

The ancient Greeks are considered the first to practice which of these?

Religion

Law

Medicine

Democracy

The Olympic Games were first enacted by which ancient civilization?

Egyptian

Greek

Roman

Byzantine

When Caligula was murdered, which of his relatives took his place as Roman Emperor?

Cousin

Uncle

Father

Nephew

Now meaning ‘wild’, what was the name of the people who destroyed the western Roman Empire some 1600 years ago?

Livid

Barbarian

Untamed

Feral

Isca Dumnoniorum was the Roman name for which UK city?

Leicester

Exeter

Carlisle

Peterborough

Pigments were invented in which modern-day country?

China

India

Nepal

Zambia

The Roman emperor, Nero, famously killed which of his family members?

His Son and Wife

His Brother and Son

His Wife and Mother

His Father and Mother

Which of these is the name of the coin used in the Ancient Roman Empire?

Denarius

Dubius

Delerius

Darius

Which Emperor had his horse elected a consul of Rome?

Caesar

Claudius

Caligula

Nero

The Incas regarded which of these plants as being sacred or magical?

Coca

Almond

Manioc

Mesquite

The Mayan codices are what?

Temples

Coding Manuals

Books

DNA

In which century did the ‘Middle Ages’ begin?

4th

7th

6th

5th

Which ancient empire included the cites Sparta, Athens and Crete?

Arabic

Spanish

Greek

Latin

Venus of Urbino is a famous work by which artist?

Titian

Klee

El Greco

Johns

Which ancient civilization was Alaric king of?

Patayan

Goths

Visigoths

Scots

Which language did Cleopatra speak?

Greek

Aramaic

Sanskrit

Latin

Which hero defeats the Minotaur in ancient Greek mythology?

Orpheus

Theseus

Hercules

Pirithous

Which civilization is associated with the implementation of aqueducts and roads?

Kush

Greece

Inca

Rome

Jupiter was the king of the gods in which ancient civilization’s religion?

Greek

Mayan

Egyptian

Roman

The western world’s modern-day calendar is derived from which ancient civilization?

Rome

Persia

Maya

Aztec

Paris of Troy famously stole away which woman during the Trojan War?

Juno

Joan

Jane

Helen

What was the name of the slave who famously led the revolt against the Roman government in 72BC?

Atticus

Ginganticus

Spartacus

Caractacus

Which game was banned for a period in the Middle Ages, fearing it might reduce time spent on archery?

Cricket

Bowls

Wrestling

Cards

Darius I ruled in which ancient empire?

Rome

Persia

Greece

Assyria

The ancient Greeks battled which other nation during the battle of Thermopylae?

Greece

Persia

Assyria

China

What was the ancient Egyptian god Re responsible for?

The Wind

The Moon

The Rivers

The Sun

Scarab beetles are most closely associated with which ancient civilization?

Carthaginian

Egyptian

Mongol

Roman

In the Middle Ages, which Italian city did The Medici’s rule?

Venice

Rome

Turin

Florence

In which constituent country of the United Kingdom can Stonehenge be found?

Gibraltor

Cornwall

Scotland

England

What was the main aim behind the king stopping the war against the indigenous population?

To be on good terms with the locals

To make work as slaves

To convert them to Christianity

To protect the settlers

Hannibal ruled in which ancient civilization?

Rome

Carthage

Greece

Babylon

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